Srikalahasti Temple is located in the town of Srikalahasti, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is one of the most famous Shiva temples in South India and is said to be the site where Kannappa was ready to offer both his eyes to cover blood flowing from the Siva linga before the Siva stopped him and granted him moksha.
Srikalahasti temple, situated 36 km away from Tirupati is famous for its Vayu linga, one of the Panchabhoota Sthalams, representing wind. The temple is also regarded as Rahu-Ketu kshetra and Dakshina Kailasam. The inner temple was constructed around the 5th century and the outer temple was constructed in the 12th century by the Chola kings and the Vijayanagara kings. Shiva in his aspect as Vayu is worshiped as Kalahasteeswara.
It is a municipality and the Mandal headquarters of Srikalahasti Mandal in the Tirupati revenue division. The town is a part of the Tirupati Urban Development Authority, which is located on the banks of the River Swarnamukhi. The town is known for Srikalahasteeswara Temple dedicated to Shiva representing one of the Pancha Bhoota Sthalams.
This Srikalahasti town is named after Sri (spider), Kala (snake), and Hasti (elephant) that once worshiped Shiva Lingam here and attained Moksham.
The Srikalahasti temple was originally built during the Pallava period[A huge hundred pillared mandapam was built by Sri Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagara dynasty during the 16th century, an important feature of this shrine.
As per another legend, Vayu and Adishesha had a dispute to find out who is superior, to prove their superiority, Adishesha encircled the Kailasam, Vayu tried to remove this encircle by creating Twister. Because of the twister, 8 parts from Kailasa fell into 8 different places which are Trincomalee, Srikalahasti, Tiruchirappalli, Thiruenkoimalai, Rajathagiri, Neerthagiri, Ratnagiri, and Swethagiri Thirupangeeli.